Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has issued guideline for rational use of personal protection equipment including masks. Guidelines on rational use of PPEs and Masks.MoHFW
On 3rd April, 2020, the MoHFW issued an advisory on use of homemade protective cover for face and mouth for all people, particularly when they step out of their house. Homemade protective cover_MoRD
A manual on use of Homemade Protective Cover for Face & Mouth has been issued by Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India. Home Made Protective Cover for Face & Mouth.
Ministry of Rural Development has asked 585 Rural Self Employment Training Institutes and Self Help Groups (SHGs) homemade protective cover_MoRD under their Ministry to start making cloth-based masks or face covers.
While, handmade face covers would be fine for most people, people in hospitals and more hazardous environments would be required to use standardized masks or respiratory protective devices. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has two standards –
IS 16289:2014 Medical Textiles — Surgical Face Masks Indian Standards – Masks and Respiratory Protective Devices .
IS 9473:2002 Respiratory protective devices Indian Standards – Masks and Respiratory Protective Devices.
Surgical face masks could be either in 2ply, 3 ply or 4 ply format. Ideally one of them should be on melt blown that acts as a filter. Based on performance criteria, these masks are in Class 1, Class 2 or Class 3.
Respiratory protective devices are also in three classes, namely FFP1, FFP2 (usually referred to as N95 Masks), and FFP3 (usually referred to as N99 masks).
On 13th March, 2020, Face masks 2 ply, 3 ply and N95 were brought under the Essential Commodities by inserting them as items 8 in Schedule of the said Act.